The review demonstrates that Dr Cooper’s thesis that Codex Sinaiticus was produced in the nineteenth century is a classic conspiracy theory, and without foundation. It also demonstrates that the man who claimed to have written the Codex in 1840, Constantine Simonides, was a notorious persecutor of the Protestant Church, who told ‘the most outrageous lies that human or diabolical ingenuity ever invented’.
The review also establishes how the Russian scholar Porphyrius Uspensky was the first to discover the New Testament (in 1845), and to publish details of it including colour plates, years before Konstantin Tischendorf had ever seen it. Uspensky warned the Russian Orthodox Church, the Russian Tsar, and eventually the world about its heterodox provenance before Tischendorf’s facsimile edition was published in 1862.
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Keywords: Tischendorf, Simonides, Uspensky, Porphyrius, Codex Sinaiticus, Bill Cooper, Vaticanus, forgery, Barnabas, Shepherd of Hermas, Panteleimon monastery, Mount Athos.